Best answer: Why is skin cancer common in Australia?

Is Australia the skin cancer capital of the world?

Australia is the skin cancer capital of the world. More than 11,500 Australian men and women are diagnosed with a melanoma each year, and an estimated 434,000 people are treated for one or more non-melanoma1 skin cancers. Skin cancer accounts for over 80% of all new cases of cancer diagnosed in Australia each year.

Why does Australia have highest skin cancer rate?

Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. Anyone can be at risk of developing skin cancer, though the risk increases as you get older. The majority of skin cancers in Australia are caused by exposure to UV radiation in sunlight.

Where is skin cancer most common?

8 Most Common Places to Get Skin Cancer

  • Face. It shouldn’t be a surprise that your face is the most common place for skin cancer to develop. …
  • Scalp. Most skin cancers on the scalp occur in balding men. …
  • Ears. …
  • Neck. …
  • Hands. …
  • Chest and Back. …
  • Legs. …
  • Palms of Hand, Soles of Feet, and Nail Beds.

What type of skin cancer is most common?

Basal cell carcinoma (also called basal cell skin cancer) is most common type of skin cancer. About 8 out of 10 skin cancers are basal cell carcinomas (also called basal cell cancers). These cancers start in the basal cell layer, which is the lower part of the epidermis.

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How common is skin cancer in the world?

Non-melanoma skin cancer is the 5th most commonly occurring cancer in men and women, with over 1 million diagnoses worldwide in 2018, although this is likely to be an underestimate.

Skin cancer rates in women.

Rank Country Age-standardised rate per 100,000
1 Denmark 33.1
2 New Zealand 31.1
3 Norway 30.7
4 Australia 27.5

What is the second most common form of skin cancer?

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin

SCC is the second most common type of skin cancer. People who have light skin are most likely to develop SCC. This skin cancer also develops in people who have darker skin. SCC often looks like a red firm bump, scaly patch, or a sore that heals and then re-opens.

Is skin cancer increasing in Australia?

Skin cancer is a major cause of illness in Australia

The age-standardised incidence rate of melanoma has increased from 27 cases per 100,000 in 1982 to 49 per 100,000 in 2016.

What are three causes of skin cancer?

Factors that may increase your risk of skin cancer include:

  • Fair skin. Anyone, regardless of skin color, can get skin cancer. …
  • A history of sunburns. …
  • Excessive sun exposure. …
  • Sunny or high-altitude climates. …
  • Moles. …
  • Precancerous skin lesions. …
  • A family history of skin cancer. …
  • A personal history of skin cancer.